Containers and codecs

Now divorced a bunch of formats, codecs, containers. be People started to get confused and not properly recording. In order to do you understand this, some will inform you. I will try in very simple language and understandable. bs If you want more, there are Wikipedia.

Container is a large or small box for storing things (audio and video codec)
Codecs - the thing that you use (video or sound)

So if you need to make a movie, actors, Directors, operators, little miss, ag need to borrow container to push codecs video and audio, and subtitles. hl And now a little list what are:

Video codec:

  • MPEG1 - one of the progenitors digital video, was created for VideoCD , easily treated, but you know it is gone.
  • MPEG2 is a popular video codec used in DVD and modern ts files and even in Blu-Ray.
  • MPEG4 - the good codec, but is used only in the impurity is not spread due to a number of restrictions on use.
  • DivX - with this codec can compress large video files, an analogue of Microsoft MPEG4, but the special popularity did not get the development stopped.
  • XviD - same as DivX, but has gained huge popularity. Many call him MPEG4.
  • WMV7/WMV8 - the further development of MPEG4 from Microsoft, wide distribution is not received. All the efforts were focused on developing WMV9
  • h.264 - Kodak to produce a high quality file. There are special codecs and to calculate them need serious equipment. Also known as MPEG-4 Part 10 or AVC
  • x.264 - reworked h.264 for use on the Internet.
  • WMV9 codec FullHD from Microsoft, but have not got the same quality as the h.264. br>
  • VC-1 - based WMV9 and used Blu-Ray players.
  • encoding Formats audio

  • LPCM - just uncompressed audio. Usually the stereo.
  • APE - the format of audio compression without losses.
  • Flac competitor APE
  • MP3 (MPEG1 Audio Level 3) - the format of compression used on a huge scale, only supports 2 channel.
  • MP3 (MPEG2 Audio layer 3) - multi-channel (5.1) mp3 .
  • WMA competitor mp3 from Microsoft, is considered to be of higher quality.
  • OGG Vorbis competitor mp3 community - open source.
  • AAC Advanced Audio Coding used in iPad, iPhone, iTunes and digital satellite radio.
  • Dolby Digital (AC-3) - for high-quality stereo and five-channel with subwoofer sound.
  • Dolby Digital Plus (E-AC-3) - improvements Dolby Digital, has seven channels with the subwoofer, is found in Blu-Ray drives.
  • Dolby TrueHD - has eight channels with a subwoofer.
  • DTS - a digital coding system cinema sound. The principle and Dolby Digital, but still has the opportunity four channels with a subwoofer.
  • DTS-HD - advanced DTS has the ability to use up to seven channels with a subwoofer.
  • subtitles

  • SRT is a text format can be enclosed as a separate file.
  • SUB/IDX - graphical subtitle format, extracted from DVD.
  • S2K,SSA,ASS - more advanced text formats.
  • SMI is a text format based on SGML, the direct ancestor of the HTML.
  • PGS - graphical subtitle format, is used Blu-Ray.
  • Containers

  • AVI Audio Video Interleaved is a popular type of container. Supports codecs MPEG4, DivX, Xvid and one of the audio format is not supported under modern HD codecs.
  • MKV Matroska, Matryoshka modern container that supports all video codecs, and can store multiple audio formats and also subtitles.
  • QuickTime analogue of MKV, but to use it only when the package is installed Apple QuickTime.
  • ASF/WMV/WMA Advanced Stream Format/Windows Media Video almost a complete analogue of the AVI, but there is support for multiple audio formats. Support codecs from HD - no.
  • FLV Adobe Flash Video great grip, used on the Internet.
  • BDMV is an uncompressed image Blu-Ray drive.
  • 3GP - for video capture to mobile phones, everything is very compressed.
  • MP4 - a container similar to AVI, other manufacturer.
  • Divx - a container that only supports Divx the codec.
  • VOB - supports MPEG1 and MPEG2 codecs, is used in DVD may contain multiple audio tracks and subtitles.
  • TS Transport stream, and can also be found with names such as m2ts and mts. Used mainly HD satellite television.
  • OGG - for the storage of sound in the format OGG Vorbis.
  • WAV - for the storage of sound.
  • ISO - the way the optical drive can only record to disk.
  • MPG - used in VideoCD only supports MPEG1 the codec.
  • I think everybody bw . Of course they could somewhere be wrong, we are all human, but I hope to have achieved its goal. ab . You became a little bit clearer in the choice of equipment and what to buy or download for viewing.

    Link to this story:

    Add new comment


    CAPTCHA на основе изображений
    Enter the characters shown in the image.