How to install and configure a satellite dish (antenna)

Let's look at how to choose, install and configure satellite antenna (dish)

Q – what equipment? the Answer is self-selection plates of the desired size, you need to know your geographic coordinates, see the coverage area, find a table matching EIRP and antenna diameter...but it's so difficult and tedious -then we can do it easier and ask the store employees.

As a rule, they know what kind of antenna for your area is accepted, then select the receiver (tuner) in this case, I advise you not to save (because they put themselves and not uncle Bob) and not to buy the cheapest which in 1-1,5 years will start to break down, for me personally, is Openbox-820 (for 7 years) reasonable price, speed of channel switching is required cards, conditional access, and so on.

The LNBs (heads) is also better to take more expensive,for example, cheap head Eurosky which enters the water due to the low quality of manufacture (not tight) and it fails (the avaricious pays twice) we need 3pcs, side mount heads (multifidi) 2pcs, pay special attention to quality cable that had not had to change it twice a year and (as Murphy's law) in the winter.

Still need F-connectors, in this case 8 pieces. If you never before have not experienced them – ask them to in the store your eyes are one of them welled cable - clear and useful to you while installing,(for clarity see photo) as well as disc 4 inputs, bracket (can make yourself), mounting clamps (for attaching the cable to the antenna).

How to cheat plug

Cleaning cable insulation

Cleaning the Central core of the cable

Cut centralto under the plug

Dowels, screws or bolts,studs (depending on where you will mount the bracket) can be bought there or at the nearest hardware store.

Assembly of the satellite antenna:

Assembly of the satellite antenna is performed according to the instructions. When assembling it is necessary to carefully handle mirror antenna (especially those made of aluminum), not to cause any mechanical damage, which changes the geometry of the mirror. After compiling is checked tightness of all fasteners.

When assembling the antenna, particular attention should be given to the installation of the satellite Converter (LNB). The correct installation of the polarization Converter greatly affects the quality of the received signal. This can be achieved experimentally: the rotation of the Converter around its axis to obtain the maximum signal. In this position, it should fix the Converter. In that case, if the antenna is mounted outside the window, my mirror closes the access to the Converter, You need to tune the polarization in advance.

If you are installing from Windows, before hanging the antenna on the bracket, you must assign the antenna a safety rope in case of fall from his hands. Also, it is desirable to connect the cable to the Converter and insulate the connector with tape from moisture (I use the heat shrink tubing), because later may not be possible to reach the Converter. After hanging a satellite dish, tighten the adjusting bolts until the antenna starts to hang tight on the bracket.

So, equipment purchased, imported, the tool is ready, the weather is clear and it remains only to set everything up. As it is configured with a satellite, first and foremost, you must know which way it will be used. That is, You have to know in which direction the satellite will be.

Since we live in the Northern hemisphere, all visible to us satellites, will be in South side. And if to be more precise, in the southern, South-Eastern and South-Western direction (the rest of the satellites disappear over the horizon).

For each of the settlements, the same satellite can be in a different direction (just at different distances, and height). Therefore, make it easier to navigate where and how the satellite is located, it is desirable to have some point of reference. Since all satellites for the us are found in the South side, it will be easier for the starting point, take direction strictly on the South, or if more precisely - Geostationary South.

The geostationary South, can be considered, the value of longitude locality (place). This value is strictly coincides with the direction South in the horizontal plane. The geostationary South has an azimuth of 180 degrees, as measured from the location of the settlement., if this is difficult for you, you can spy on neighbor where to go plate.

Set up and configure a plate

The next stage is the installation bracket and installation plate to the bracket. In addition to the set of satellite equipment you will need the following tools:

- Drill with drill with pobeditovym tip. The drill diameter is selected slightly less than the diameter of the anchor bolt. Much less - not - the anchor will not be included in the wall. More - will be "hanging out" and it didn't pull.
- Phillips screwdriver.
- Coupling ring key on 10 and 13
- Hammer.
- A knife for cutting paper (for Stripping cable under the connectors).
- Cutters.
Receiver with remote.
- Small TV.
- Carrying 220V with an extension cord with 3 sockets.

Add bracket

Determine the location where the bracket is to be attached, and make markings for holes. Drill them with a drill. Hammering in the anchor holes, dowel, or plug-in studs (through) as you like, fasten the bracket and put it on a plate with assembled heads. Join the middle head is the main cable with receiver (socket labeled LNB IN), and a receiver connected by tulips with a TV.

Turn on the tuner, TV. Use the remote control from the receiver. Go to MENU > SETTING > channel SEARCH. Setup begins from the Central head, which must be set to Sirius 2/Ku 4.8 E.

Select the Sputnik - Sirius. In the receiver set the frequency by 11766, speed 27500 polarisationH". On the receiver you have two lanes: one means connecting the plates and the signal from the satellite (basically, strip the red), the second shows the level of the signal (mostly yellow).

On Open Boh three of them: level, signal/noise, quality. The two upper yellow, the lower (quality) is composed of three colors: red (weak signal), yellow (middle signal), and green (good signal)

When a satellite antenna is connected correctly, you should see the signal level by approximately 40%. It remains to adjust the signal quality, we have zero.

Go to the plate.

head Block plate

The antenna pivoted up and to the left until it stops and in search of the best level of signal slowly turning from left to right until it stops. If the signal is not found, drop plate 2-3 mm for the fastener (the fastener plates until the bracket has markings with numbers for a more comfortable "to shoot"), and turn right to left until it stops, then drop even lower and so until you receive the signal.

When you get a signal, you will see how appears a yellow band. If you roughly hit the satellite, the band of signal quality will be about 21% - secure the antenna in this position. Now a little down and carefully turn left, watching for changes in quality, if decreasing, then return the antenna to its original position. Next, slightly turn right, follow the level of the signal in the same way, we lower and raise the antenna up and down.

You got a signal at 40%, but this is still not enough, with the amount of interest the slightest wind or rain can break your TV. To increase the quality of the signal rotate the LNB first, and then anticlockwise and see in what position the signal quality will increase. If you have a mount, then one should try to bring the Converter to the mirror, and then remove. It also affects signal quality, but usually the length of the bracket for the center of the Converter are always customized in length. Normal signal quality is 65-70%.

When the signal maximum, it is necessary to tighten the nuts negoiate. There is one unpleasant moment - tighten the nut, the antenna thus hardly changes its direction, and the signal quality can significantly go! So tighten too very carefully. All antenna and the first Converter configured

Turn off the receiver from the wall outlet, wind the cable with the Central LNB on side LNB. Side converters to adjust much easier, since the plate is already configured, and all the satellites are close to each other. Only this time, regulate not the antenna, and the LNB on multifida. It can move in all planes in relation to the focus of the antenna-left, right, up, down, forward, backward

That is, slow moving multifeed head on stick antenna as well as rotating the very head in a feed (for a bit) caught the maximum signal possible, will take time of course but when in inclement weather (rain,fog, etc.) from a neighbor, the image will begin to pour into squares, you will still have to work normally!

dish setting satellite

Setting the lateral heads can be configured in any order that you want configure first Hot bird then Amos or Vice versa does not matter. When tightening the lateral feeds is necessary to understand that the signal when tightened will fall, so the feed drop a little lower when tightening it up.

Well, that's basically it,good luck! A little later I'll share the info as to align the deformed plate(now there are a lot of sell). Take a plate (bare sticks and so on) put her hole to" stick" to the bottom,take a thick(preferably but not necessarily nylon thread,(preferably dark colors) bandages perpendicular to the (it turns out like the letter X) and in half again(to get type stars),a little pull,tie or fasten with adhesive tape. Look at the crossing of our stars ,the thread should discover in the middle of the H. It should be borne in mind that the deformation of a local character less impact on the signal than the deformation of the edges and General shape deformation, because the latter distort the whole mirror. Using a rubber mallet to achieve the desired result.

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